Research Summary

I am interested in interoceptive awareness (IA), defined as how we perceive our body. I study IA in two contexts: 1) the role of IA in symptom perception and evaluation and 2) as a mechanism of action of acupuncture. As a feminist clinician-scientist, I focus these two lines of inquiry in the context of midlife women who take prescribed opioids for chronic pain. I evaluate acupuncture as an alternative to opioid medications because of my longstanding practice of traditional East Asian medicine.


  • PhD, Nursing Science, University of Washington. Project: Self-awareness and symptom evaluation : Observations from the Seattle midlife women's health study
  • Master's Degree, Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine, Seattle Institute of Oriental Medicine
  • Honors BS, cum laude, Psychology major & Women's Studies minor, University of Utah. Project: A narrative study of frame transitions between physical and pretend mother-infant play