Tim Garrett
  • Professor, Atmospheric Sciences
  • President and co-Founder , Particle Flux Analytics

Research Statement

The earth's climate displays many tightly interwoven processes that cover vast scales in time and space. Clouds play a particularly vital role, by removing pollutants, and by acting as pistons in the atmospheric heat engine. But they are extraordinarily complex, so their relationship with climate remains largely mysterious. Is the problem fundamentally simple or impossibly complex? The Aerosol-Cloud-Climate Systems group I lead is trying to tease from clouds their importance to various atmospheric chemical, dynamic and radiative processes.

A second focus is development of a thermodynamic basis for interpreting the evolution of the global economy, and its relationship to atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide. Central to the model is the finding that civilization's economic value or wealth, when adjusted for inflation, is linked to its rate of primary energy consumption through a constant.

Research Keywords

  • Cloud Physics
  • Atmospheric Remote Sensing
  • Atmospheric Radiation
  • Aerosol-cloud interactions
  • Economic growth

Research Groups

  • Karlie Rees, Undergraduate Student. 05/01/2016 - 12/31/2016. Awards/Scholarships/Stipends: REU.
  • Byeong-Gon Kim, Visiting Faculty. 08/01/2015 - 07/01/2016.
  • Maximilien Patou, Visiting Student. 05/01/2015 - 12/01/2015.
  • Quentin Coopman, Graduate Student. 09/01/2014 - 12/17/2016.
  • Shailesh Alva, Graduate Student. 09/01/2014 - 09/01/2015.
  • Mathias Gergely, Postdoc. 09/01/2014 - 08/01/2016. Awards/Scholarships/Stipends: On 2-year Fellowship from the German Government.
  • Varun Suresh, Graduate Student. 09/01/2014 - 10/01/2015.
  • Dan Cowan, Technician. 09/01/2014 - 04/30/2015.
  • Zhiyu Wang, Graduate Student. Atmospheric Sciences. 09/01/2009 - 02/01/2016.
  • Cale Fallgatter, Senior Associate. Atmospheric Sciences. 09/01/2008 - 04/30/2015.
  • Steven Cooper, Research Professor. Atmospheric Sciences. 09/01/2008 - present.


  • Turbulence and temperature effects on hydrometeor fallspeed. Université Blaise-Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand, France. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 11/2017.
  • Aerosols, clouds, and precipitation in the Arctic: Who’s in charge?, NETCARE Workshop, University of Toronto, Toronto. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 11/2017.
  • Energy, Thermodynamics, and the Human Enterprise, Crans Meeting on Energy, Finance, Economy and Governance Risks, Crans, Switzerland. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 07/2017.
  • The distinctive nature of aerosol-cloud-radiation feedbacks in the Arctic. University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 05/2017.
  • Impacts of long-range aerosol transport on phase transitions in Arctic clouds, SLCP Meeting, Gangneung, South Korea. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 02/2017.
  • Turbulence and temperature effects on hydrometeor fallspeed, Université de Grenoble, France. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 01/2017.
  • Power laws in tropical cloud fields and the relationship to atmospheric stability, EECLAT Workshop, Baie de la Somme. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 01/2017.
  • Turbulence and temperature effects on hydrometeor fallspeed. École Polytechnique Fedérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland,. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 09/2016.
  • The distinctive nature of aerosol-cloud-radiation feedbacks in the Arctic. Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea, . Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 02/20/2016.
  • The distinctive nature of aerosol-cloud-radiation feedbacks in the Arctic. Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea,. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 02/14/2016.
  • The complexity of interactions between aerosols, clouds, precipitation and radiation in the Arctic. Korean Meteorological Society workshop on Short-Lived Pollutants. Songdo, Korea, . Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 02/13/2016.
  • Market expectations in retirement planning: an evolutionary and thermodynamic perspective. Retirement Income Industry Association Advisor Forum Week, Fort Lauderdale. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 03/11/2015.
  • Aerosols, clouds, precipitation, radiation and climate: A problem of interactions across scales, Gangneung University, Korea, . Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 10/16/2014.
  • Aerosols, clouds, precipitation, radiation and climate: A problem of interactions across scales, Korean Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, Jeju, Korea,. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 10/13/2014.
  • The Jevons Paradox: Why the increasing energy efficiency of the economy is accelerating global climate change Duke University School of the Environment, Durham, NC, . Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 09/12/2014.
  • 8. Wealth is Power. What physics tells us about our financial future. Chartered Financial Analyst Society of Indianapolis Annual Meeting. Carmel, IN, . Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 03/17/2014.
  • Why is the Arctic summer clean? Will the Arctic get cleaner? How wet scavenging controls the impacts of mid-latitude pollution in the Arctic. AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 12/2013.
  • Photographing snowflakes in freefall at Alta: Université Blaise Pascal II, Clermont-Ferrand, France, . Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 05/2013.
  • Modes of growth in economic systems: Gruter Institute: Economic Growth: Costs, Causes and Effects, Squaw Valley. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 05/2012.
  • Thermodynamic constraints on economic innovation and growth: Gruter Institute: Innovation, Economic Growth and Human Behavior, Squaw Valley. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 05/2012.
  • Mountain meteorology: Precipitation and snow crystals in the atmosphere: Avalanche science workshop, Mammoth, California. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 04/2012.
  • Wealth is Power: Consequences and Implications for Retirees: Keynote Talk for the Retirement Income Industry Association, Chicago, . Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 03/2012.
  • A Simple Method for Diagnosing the Dynamic Response of Cloudy Air to Diabatic Heating and Cooling: University of Berkeley, California. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 02/2012.
  • Can we provide thermodynamic constraints for the long-term coupled evolution of the economy and the atmosphere? : Third Santa Fe Conference on Global and Regional Climate Change. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 11/01/2011.
  • How will aerosol-cloud-precipitation-radiation interactions evolve in a warming Arctic? : Michigan Tech. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 09/20/2011.
  • How will aerosol-cloud-precipitation-radiation interactions evolve in a warming Arctic? : NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 08/02/2011.
  • Application of simple (non-equilibrium) thermodynamics to constrain long-range economic growth and its coupling to atmospheric concentrations of CO2: Northwest Research Associates. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 07/15/2011.
  • Is it physically possible to have our economic prosperity and stabilize atmospheric CO2? University of Edinburgh. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 06/01/2011.
  • Will warming temperatures mediate the effects of short-lived aerosol pollutants on Arctic climate?: University of Michigan. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 01/2011.
  • Mammatus Clouds: A Window Into the Role of Radiation-Dynamic Feedbacks in Stratiform Cloud Evolution: Texas A&M University. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 12/2010.
  • Is it possible to de-couple economic wealth from carbon dioxide emission rates?: Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions, University of Victoria. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 05/2010.
  • Long-range pollution transport to the Arctic and its role in modulating regional aerosol-cloud-climate interactions: Max-Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany,. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 06/2009.
  • A simple thermodynamic approach to the economic evolution of civilization and its carbon dioxide emissions: Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 01/2009.
  • What exactly is the difference between clear-sky and cloud?: University of Bremen. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 12/2008.

Grants, Contracts & Research Gifts

  • A snowflake mass measurement device for the NASA Global Precipitation Measurement Mission. PI: Garrett, T.J. NASA, 12/01/2013 - present. Total project budget to date: $50,000.00
  • Evaluating tropical and mid-latitude cirrus properties using co-incident satellite and aircraft sensors. PI: Timothy J. Garrett. Co-PI(s): G. G. Mace. NASA, 02/15/2008 - 02/14/2012. Total project budget to date: $240,000.00
  • Evaluation of Aerosol-Cloud-Radiation Processes and Feedbacks in the Alaskan Arctic. PI: Timothy J. Garrett. NSF, 06/01/2007 - 05/30/2011. Total project budget to date: $324,121.00
  • ROLE OF CLOUDS IN ALBEDO. PI: GARRETT,TIMOTHY J. NATIONAL AERONAUTICS & SPACE A, 09/01/2012 - 08/31/2014. Total project budget to date: $60,000.00
  • CIVILIZATION EXPANSION. PI: GARRETT,TIMOTHY J. EWING MARION KAUFFMAN FOUNDATI, 03/05/2012 - 06/18/2013. Total project budget to date: $47,490.00
  • WASHARX. PI: GARRETT,TIMOTHY J. NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION, 08/01/2011 - 08/31/2014. Total project budget to date: $448,091.00

Research/Scholarship Projects

  • Thermodynamics of civilization growth. PI: Timothy J. Garrett. 01/01/2008 - present.
  • Development of instrumentation for measuring mass-fallspeed relationships for snowflakes. PI: Timothy J. Garrett. 01/01/2005 - present.
  • The role of radiation in driving the dynamics of cloud evolution. PI: Timothy J. Garrett. 01/01/2004 - present.
  • Aerosol-cloud-climate interactions . PI: Timothy J. Garrett. 01/01/2002 - present.

Research Equipment and Testing Expertise

  • Multi-Angle Snowflake Camera A new instrument we developed to provide stereoscopic photographs of falling hydrometeors while measuring their fallspeed.
  • Present Weather Imager.
  • SPP-100: A cloud droplet size distribution probe.
  • Single Snowflake Hydrometeor Probe.


  • Systems and methods for imaging of falling objects (#8891895). Status: Issued. Inventors: Cale Fallgatter and Timothy J. Garrett. File date 12/01/2009. Country: USA.


  • Getting started guide for the Multi-Angle Snowflake Camera. Shkurko, K.I., T. J. Garrett, 09/2016.

Software Titles

  • Multi Angle Snowflake Camera: Snowflake Analysis and User Interface. Comprehensive tool for viewing and analyzing data obtained by the Multi Angle Snowflake Camera. Release Date: 12/01/2017. Inventors: Sanket Deshmukh and Tim Garrett.
  • Multi-Angle Snowflake Camera Value-Added Product. Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Program software and documentation developed by the University of Utah and Particle Flux Analytics, Inc. for Python based analysis of hydrometeor properties from the Multi-Angle Snowflake Camera. Release Date: 08/2016. Inventors: Shkurko, K., T. J. Garrett, and K. Gaustad, 2016:.
  • Snowflake Hydrometeor Classification Tool. Machine Learning algorithm for taking hydrometeor imagery from the MASC and converting it to hydrometeor classification with associated precipitation rate and visibility calculation. Release Date: 10/01/2015. Inventors: Tim Garrett, Varun Suresh, Konstantin Shkurko.
  • masclab. Matlab software for analyzing snowflake data from the Multi Angle Snowflake Camera. Release Date: 12/2013. Inventors: Garrett, T. J.
  • Simple Data Acquisition. Data acquisition tools for the multi-angle snowflake camera. Release Date: 12/2013. Inventors: Tim Garrett, Cale Fallgatter, Konstantin Shkurko.
  • Multi-Angle Snowflake Camera Data Acquisition. A system for interfacing with three industrial cameras simultaneously while collecting fallspeed within the University of Utah Multi-Angle Snowflake Camera. Release Date: 12/01/2011. Inventors: Konstantin Kshurko, Cale Fallgatter, Timothy Garrett. Distribution List: Ned Bair, Mammoth Ski Area and the U.S. Army.


  • Garrett, T. J., 2011: How persistent is civilization growth? arXiv:1101.5635v1. Published, 03/2011.
  • Garrett, T. J., 2011 Are there basic physical constraints on future anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide? Climatic Change, 104, 437-455 doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9717-9. Published, 01/2011.
  • Cooper, S. J. and T. J. Garrett, 2010: Identification of small ice cloud particles using passive radiometric observations. J. Appl. Meteorol. Clim. 49, 2334–2347, doi: 10.1175/2010JAMC2466.1. Published, 10/2011.
  • Garrett, T. J. C. T. Schmidt, S. Kihlgren and Céline Cornet, 2010: Mammatus clouds as a response to cloud base radiative heating J. Atmos. Sci. 67, 3891–3903. Published, 12/2010.
  • Leaitch, W. R., U. Lohmann, L. M. Russell, T. Garrett, N. C. Shantz, D. Toom-Sauntry, J. W. Strapp, K. L. Hayden, J. Marshall, D. Worsnop, and J. Jayne, 2010: Cloud albedo increase from carbonaceous aerosol. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 7669-7684. Published, 10/2010.
  • Jourdan, O., G. Mioche, T. J. Garrett, A. Schwarzenböck, J. Vidot, Y. Xie, V. Shcherbakov, P. Yang, and J.-F. Gayet, 2010: Coupling of the microphysical and optical properties of arctic clouds during the ASTAR 2004 experiment: Implications for light scattering modelling. J. Geophys. Res. 115, D23206. Published, 09/2010.
  • Garrett, T. J., C. Zhao, and P. Novelli, 2010: Assessing the relative contributions of transport efficiency and scavenging to seasonal variability in Arctic aerosol. Tellus B, 62, 190 - 196. Published, 01/2010.
  • Garrett, T. J., M. M. Maestas, S. K. Krueger, and C. T. Schmidt, 2009, Acceleration by aerosol of a radiative-thermodynamic cloud feedback influencing Arctic surface warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L19804, doi:10.1029/2009GL040195. Published, 2009.
  • Menon, S., D. Unger, D. Koch, J. Francis, T. Garrett, I. Sednev, D. Shindell, and D. Streets, 2008: Aerosol climate effects and air quality impacts from 1980 to 2030 Environ. Res. Lett. 3, 024004. Published, 01/2008.
  • Garrett, T. J. and L. Verzella, 2008: An evolving history of Arctic aerosols. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 89, 299–302. Published, 01/2008.
  • P. K. Quinn, T. S. Bates, E. Baum, N. Doubleday, A. M. Fiore, M. Flanner, A. Fridlind, T. J. Garrett, D. Koch, S. Menon, D. Shindell, A. Stohl and S. G. Warren, 2008: Short-lived pollutants in the Arctic: their climate impact and possible mitigation strategies, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 1723–1735. Published, 01/2008.
  • Schultz, D.M., A.J. Durant, J.M. Straka, and T. J. Garrett, 2008: Reply. J. Atmos. Sci. 65, 1095-1097. Published, 01/2008.
  • Zhao, C., and T. J. Garrett, 2008: Ground-based remote sensing of precipitation in the Arctic, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D14204, doi:10.1029/2007JD009222. Published, 01/2008.
  • Garrett, T. J. Observational quantification of the optical properties of cirrus cloud. Chapter in Light Scattering Reviews, Vol. 3, Praxis, A. Kokhanovsky, ed., 2008. Published, 01/2008.
  • Liu, C., E. Zipser, T. J. Garrett, J. Jiang, and H. Su, 2007: How do the water vapor and carbon monoxide "tape recorders" start near the tropical tropopause? Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L09804, doi:10.1029/2006GL029234. Published, 01/2007.
  • Garrett, T. J., M. B. Kimball, G. G. Mace, D. G. Baumgardner, 2007: Observing cirrus halos to constrain in-situ measurements of ice crystal size Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss, 7, 1295-1325. Published, 01/2007.
  • Garrett, T. J., M. A. Zulauf, and S. K. Krueger, 2006: Effects of cirrus near the tropopause on anvil cirrus dynamics, Geophys. Res. Lett, 33, L17804, doi:10.1029/2006GL027071. Published, 01/2007.
  • Avey, L., T. J. Garrett, A. Stohl, 2007: Evaluation of the aerosol indirect effect using satellite, tracer transport model, and aircraft data from ICARTT, J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10S33, doi:10.1029/2006JD007581. Published, 01/2007.
  • T. J. Garrett, 2007: Comments on "Effective radius of ice cloud particle populations derived from aircraft probes" J. Atmos. Oceanic. Technol. 24, 1492-1503. Published, 01/2007.
  • Garrett, T. J., L. Avey, P. I. Palmer, A. Stohl, J. A. Neuman, C. A. Brock, T. B. Ryerson, and J. S. Holloway, 2006: Quantifying wet scavenging processes in aircraft observations of Nitric Acid and CCN. J. Geophys. Res. D23S51, doi:10.1029/2006JD007416. Published, 01/2007.
  • Noel, V., D. M. Winker, T. J. Garrett, and M. McGill, 2007: Extinction coefficients retrieved in deep tropical ice clouds from lidar observations using a CALIPSO-like algorithm compared to in-situ measurements from the Cloud Integrating Nephelometer during CRYSTAL-FACE. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 1415-1422. Published, 01/2007.
  • Garrett, T. J., J. Dean-Day, C. Liu, B. K. Barnett, G. G. Mace, D. B. Baumgardner, C. R. Webster, T. P. Bui, W. B. Read, and P. Minnis 2006: Convective formation of pileus cloud near the tropopause Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 1185-1200. Published, 01/2006.
  • Schultz, D. M., K. M. Kanak, J. M. Straka, R. J. Trapp, B. A. Gordon, D. S. Zrnic, G. H. Bryan, A. J. Durant, T. J. Garrett, P. M. Klein, and D. K. Lilly, 2006: The mysteries of mammatus clouds: Observations and formation mechanisms. J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 2409-2435. Published, 01/2006.
  • Tietze, K. V. Garrett, T. J. and A. Stohl: Space-Based Evaluation of the Aerosol Indirect Effect in the Arctic. 10th Conference on Polar Meteorology and Oceanography, Madison, Wisconsin, 2009. Published, 06/2009.
  • Garrett, T. J. in collaboration with the Curriculum Development Unit of Tonga: Form 3: Weather and the Sea. Ministry of Education, Kingdom of Tonga,. Published, 01/2007.
  • Kimball, M. B. and T. J. Garrett, Constraining cirrus ice crystal size through observation of halos. 12th Conference on Cloud Physics and Radiation, Madison, Wisconsin, 2006. Published, 07/2006.
  • Roskovensky, J. K., K.-N. Liou, T. J. Garrett, D. G., Baumgardner, 2004: Simultaneous Retrieval of Aerosol and Thin Cirrus Optical Depths using MODIS Airborne Simulator Data during CRYSTAL-FACE and CLAMS. Geophys. Res. Lett. Vol. 31, No. 18, 10.1029/2004GL020457. Published, 10/2004.
  • Garrett, T. J., H. Gerber, D. G. Baumgardner, M. Poellot, C. H. Twohy, and E. M. Weinstock, Microphysical relationships in CRYSTAL-FACE anvil cirrus. International Conference on Clouds and Precipitation, Bologna, Italy, 2004. Published, 07/2004.
  • Gao, R. S., P. J. Popp, D. W. Fahey, T. P. Marcy, R. L. Herman, E. M. Weinstock, D. G. Baumgardner, T. J. Garrett, K. H. Rosenlof, T. L. Thompson, P. T. Bui, B. A. Ridley, S. C. Wofsey, O. B. Toon, M. A. Tolbert, B. Karcher, Th. Peter, P. K. Hudson, A. J. Weinheimer, and A. J. Heymsfield, 2004: Evidence that Nitric Acid increases relative humidity in low-temperature cirrus clouds. Science, 303, 516-520. Published, 01/2004.
  • Garrett T. J., A. J. Heymsfield, B. A. Ridley, M. J. McGill, D. G. Baumgardner, T. P. Bui, and C. R. Webster, 2004: Convective generation of cirrus near the tropopause, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D21203, doi:10.1029/2004JD004952. Published, 01/2004.
  • Garrett, T. J., C. Zhao, X. Dong, G. G. Mace, P. V. Hobbs, 2004: Effects of Varying Aerosol Regimes on Low-Level Arctic Stratus. Geophys. Res. Lett. Vol. 31, No. 17, L17105 10.1029/2004GL019928. Published, 01/2004.
  • P. J. Popp, R. S. Gao, T. P. Marcy, D. W. Fahey, P. K. Hudson, T. L. Thompson, B. Karcher, R. L. Herman, B. A. Ridley, A. J. Weinheimer, D. J. Knapp, D. D. Montzka, D. G. Baumgardner, T. J. Garrett, E. M. Weinstock, J. G. Smith, D. S. Sayres, J. V. Pittman, S, Dhaniyala, P. T. Bui, and M. J. Mahoney, 2004: Nitric acid uptake on subtropical cirrus cloud particles. J. Geophys. Res. 109, D06302, doi: 10.1029/2003JD004255. Published, 01/2004.
  • Garrett, T. J., H. Gerber, D. G. Baumgardner, D. G., C. H. Twohy, and E. M. Weinstock, 2003: Small, highly reflective ice crystals in low-latitude cirrus. Geophys. Res. Let., 30, 2132, doi:10.1029/2003GL018153. Published, 01/2003.
  • Garrett, T.J. L.M. Russell, V. Ramaswamy, S.M. Maria, and B. Huebert, 2003: Microphysical and radiative evolution of aerosol plumes over the tropical North Atlantic Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 108 (D1), 4022, doi:10.1029/2002JD002228. Published, 01/2003.
  • Wendisch, M., T. J. Garrett, and W. Strapp, 2002: PVM-100A liquid water content probe response to large droplets. J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 19, 1577-1584. Published, 01/2002.
  • Garrett, T.J., L.F. Radke, and P.V. Hobbs, 2002: Aerosol effects on cloud emissivity and surface longwave heating in the Arctic, J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 769-778. Published, 01/2002.
  • Garrett, T.J., P.V. Hobbs, and L.R. Radke, 2002: High aitken nucleus concentrations above cloud tops in the Arctic, J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 779-783. Published, 01/2002.
  • Garrett, T.J., P.V. Hobbs, and H. Gerber, 2001: Shortwave, single-scattering properties of arctic ice clouds, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 15,155-15,172. Published, 01/2001.
  • Zhao, C. and T. J. Garrett, Ground-based retrieval of seasonal cloud an precipitation properties in the Arctic, 12th Conference on Cloud Physics and Radiation, Madison, Wisconsin, 2006. Published, 07/2000.
  • Avey, L. T. J. Garrett, and A. Stohl, Evaluation of the aerosol indirect effect using satellite, chemical transport model, and aircraft data from ICARTT, 12th Conference on Cloud Physics and Radiation, Madison, Wisconsin, 2006. Published, 07/2000.
  • Durkee, P. and co authors, 2000: The impact of ship-produced aerosols on the microstructure and albedo of warm marine stratocumulus clouds: A test of MAST hypotheses 1i and 1ii. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2554-2569. Published, 01/2000.
  • Ferek, R.J., T.J. Garrett and co-authors, 2000: Drizzle suppression in ship tracks. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2707-2728. Published, 01/2000.
  • Hobbs, P.V., T.J. Garrett, and co-authors, 2000: Emissions from ships with respect to their effects on clouds, J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2570-2590. Published, 01/2000.
  • Noone K. J., D. W. Johnson, J. P. Taylor, R. J. Ferek, T. Garrett, P. V. Hobbs, P. A. Durkee, K. Nielsen, E. Öström, C. O'Dowd, M. H. Smith, L. M. Russell, R. C. Flagan, J. H. Seinfeld, L. De Bock, R. E. Van Grieken, J. G. Hudson, I. Brooks, R. F. Gasparovic, and R. A. Pockalny, 2000: A Case Study of Ship Track Formation in a Polluted Marine Boundary Layer. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2748-2764. Published, 01/2000.
  • Gerber, H., Y. Takano, T. J. Garrett, and P. V. Hobbs, 2000: Nephelometer measurements of the asymmetry parameter, volume extinction coefficient, and backscatter ratio in clouds. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 3021-3034. Published, 01/2000.
  • Noone, K. J., D. W. Johnson, J. P., Taylor, R. J. Ferek, T. Garrett, P. V. Hobbs, P. A. Durkee, K. Nielsen, E. Oestrom, C. O'Dowd, M. H. Smith, L. M. Russell, R. C. Flagan, J. H. Seinfeld, L. DeBock, R. E. Van Grieken, J. G. Hudson, I. Brooks, R. F. Gasparovic, I. Brooks, 2000: A case of ships forming and not forming tracks in moderately polluted clouds, J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2729-2747. Published, 01/2000.
  • Hudson, J.G., T.J. Garrett, P.V. Hobbs, S.R. Strader, Y. Xie, and S.S. Yum, 2000: Cloud condensation nuclei and ship tracks. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2696-2706. Published, 01/2000.
  • Curry, J. A, P. V. Hobbs, M. D. King, D. A. Randall, P. Minnis, G. A. Isaac, J. O. Pinto, T. Uttal, A. Bucholtz, D. G. Cripe, H. Gerber, C. W. Fairall, T. J. Garrett, J. Hudson, J. M., Intrieri, C. Jakob, T. Jensen, P. Lawson, D. Marcotte, L. Nguyen, P. Pilewskie, A. Rangno, D. C. Rogers, K. B Strawbridge, F. P. J. Valero, A. G. Williams, D. Wylie, 2000: FIRE Arctic Clouds Experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 81, 5-29. Published, 01/2000.
  • Garrett, T. J. and P. V. Hobbs, 1999: Calibration of liquid water probes form the University of Washington's CV-580 aircraft at the Canadian NRC wind tunnel. Published, 07/1999.
  • Garrett, T.J. and P.V. Hobbs, 1995: Long-range transport of continental aerosols over the Atlantic Ocean and their effects on cloud structures. J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 2977-2984. Published, 01/1995.
  • Mathias Gergely, Tim Garrett & Steven Cooper (2017). Using snowflake surface-area-to-volume ratio to model and interpret snowfall triple-frequency radar signatures. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. Vol. 17, 12011-12030. Published, 01/2017.
  • Gergely M. and T. J. Garrett, 2016: Impact of the natural variability in snowflake diameter, aspect ratio, and orientation on modeled snowfall radar reflectivity. J. Geophys. Research, doi: 10.1002/2016JD025192. Published, 08/2016.
  • Garrett, Timothy J., Yuter, Sandra E., Fallgatter, Cale, Shkurko, Konstantin, Rhodes, Spencer R. & Endries, Jason L. (2015). Orientations and aspect ratios of falling snow: ORIENTATIONS OF SNOW. Wiley-Blackwell. , n/a-n/a. Published, 2015.
  • Zhao, Chuanfeng & Garrett, Timothy J. (2015). Effects of Arctic haze on surface cloud radiative forcing: Arctic Haze Effect on Surface CRF. Wiley-Blackwell. , n/a-n/a. Published, 2015.
  • Garrett, T. J. (2015). Long-run evolution of the global economy: 2. Hindcasts of Innovation and Growth. Earth System Dynamics Vol. 6, 673-688. Published, 10/13/2015.
  • Minvielle, F., N. Ferlay, T. J. Garrett, and G. Penide,, 2015: Un mammatus à l'envers : par-delà le visible, des nuages inconnus! La Météorologie, 90, 50-52, doi:10.4267/2042/56838. Published, 10/2015.
  • Garrett, T. J., 2014: Long-run evolution of the global economy Part I: Physical basis. Earth's Future 2, 127?151, doi: 10.1002/2013EF000171. Published, 04/01/2014.
  • Garrett, T. J., and C. Zhao, 2013*: Ground based remote sensing of thin clouds in the Arctic. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6, 1227-1243, 2013. Published, 05/2013.
  • Garrett, T. J. and K. Hammonds, 2013: Crystallizing Opinion, Meteorological Technology International, April, pp. 32--36. Published, 04/2013.
  • Schmidt, C. T.* and T. J. Garrett, 2013: A simple framework for the dynamic response of cirrus clouds to local diabatic radiative heating http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JAS-D-12-056.1. Published, 02/25/2013.
  • van Diedenhoven, B., B. Cairns, A. M. Fridlind, A. S. Ackerman, and T. J. Garrett, 2013: Remote sensing of ice crystal asymmetry parameter using multi-directional polarization measurements – Part 2: Application to the Research Scanning Polarimeter Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13, 3185-3203. Published, 01/15/2013.
  • Garrett, T. J., 2012: Can we predict long-run economic growth? Retirement Management Journal 2(2) 53-61. Published, 10/01/2012.
  • Garrett, T. J., C. Fallgatter, K. Shkurko, and D. Howlett, 2012: Fallspeed measurement and high-resolution multi-angle photography of hydrometeors in freefall. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, 2625-2633, doi:10.5194/amt-5-2625-2012. Published, 08/01/2012.
  • Garrett, T. J., M. Dubey, S. Schwartz, 2012. Diverse views on Climate Change: The Third Santa Fe Conference on Global and Regional Climate Change. EOS 93, 157, doi:10.1029/2012EO150007 . Published, 06/01/2012.
  • Garrett, T. J., 2012 Modes of Growth in Dynamic Systems doi:10.1098/rspa.2012.0039(online at Proc. Roy. Soc. A), 2012. Published, 05/01/2012.
  • Garrett, T. J., 2012: No way out? The double-bind in seeking global prosperity along with mitigated climate change, Earth System Dynamics 3, 1-17, doi:10.5194/esd-3-1-2012. Published, 01/15/2012.
  • Garrett, T. J., S. Brattström*, S. Sharma, D. E. J. Worthy, and P. Novelli, 2011: The role of scavenging in the seasonal transport of black carbon and sulfate to the Arctic, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L16805, doi:10.1029/2011GL048221. Published, 09/2011.
  • Baumgardner, D., et al., Airborne instruments to measure atmospheric aerosol particles, clouds and radiation: A cook's tour of mature and emerging technolology, Atmos. Res. (2011), doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2011.06.021. Published, 08/2011.
  • Cooper, S. J*. and T. J. Garrett, 2011: Application of infrared remote sensing to constrain in-situ estimates of ice crystal particle size during SPartICus Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 1593-1602. Published, 04/2011.
  • Tietze, K.*, Riedi, J., Stohl, A. and Garrett, T. J. Space-based evaluation of interactions between aerosols and low-level Arctic clouds during the Spring and Summer of 2008. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 3359-3373, doi:10.5194/acp-11-3359-2011 , 2011. Published, 03/2011.