With ancient philosophy (especially Aristotle) and metaphysics as my areas of specialization, along with a growing interest in philosophy of biology, my research pursues metaphysical issues in Aristotle in a systematic way and explores their relevance for contemporary metaphysical and scientific discourse.
My central focus is on the nature of matter for Aristotle, with respect to its role in both the coming to be and the being of organisms. This interest has fueled my critiques of views that see the diversity of co-specific organisms in Aristotle as derived from the diversity of their matter or form. I argue instead that organisms have their diversity non-derivatively, a thesis I take to be supported by Aristotle’s metaontology as well as other key Aristotelian metaphysical themes. My current focus is on the implications of this vision of Aristotelian organisms for the nature of Aristotelian matter, centrally in the context of organismal generation (and derivatively in the context of elemental transformation and non-substantial changes). My anti-reductive project on Aristotelian matter and related issues dovetails with my research on homology in contemporary Philosophy of Biology, supporting an account of the homology of biological traits within organisms that references the context of the organism as a whole.
On the contemporary front, I am researching how the very different metaontological assumptions predominant today generate different ontological problems (e.g. problems about compositional unity) from the ontological problems Aristotle focused on. Further, I am interested in the implications of contemporary views in the metaphysics of modality (and the metaphysics of time) for questions about the process of change, as well as in methodological questions about how to define key metaphysical concepts.