Current Projects: <b>1. CRISPR Cell Engineering - </b> Engineer cells to promote functional tissue development in pathological environments. <b>2. Intervertebral Disc Tissue Engineering -</b> Engineer intervertebral disc tissue that thrives in an inflammatory environment and produces a mechanically functional and restorative tissue <b>3. Mechanisms of Back Pain -</b> Study the interactions between the mechanics of the intervertebral disc, the peripheral nervous system, and inflammation.