• Research Assistant Professor, Internal Medicine
(801) 587-0242

Research Statement

I am a survey methodologist primarily interested in experimental research to identify methods of improving response rates for web and mixed-mode surveys. I participate in survey study design, questionnaire development and assessment, and survey implementation strategies. I am also investigating how survey recruitment and retention methods apply to other types of studies. I am also interested in research to understand and alleviate health disparities, particularly in terms of cancer.

Research Keywords

  • Survey Methodology
  • Research Recruitment Methods
  • Social Disparities in Cancer
  • Health Disparities


  • Millar MM, Dillman DA.Interdisciplinary Research: Trends, Measurement, and Consequences. The National Science Foundation’s National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Arlington, VA. , , 2011.
  • Millar MM. Improving Response to Web and Mixed-Mode Surveys: The Effects of Sequential vs. Simultaneous Mode Choice, Incentives, and Contact Strategies Using Mail and Email. The Mini-Conference on Internet and Multi-Mode Data Collection, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, DC. , , 2010.
  • Millar MM. Interdisciplinary Doctoral Research: Assessing Trends and the Effects on Early Career Outcomes. The Graduate Dean’s Workshop on Institutionalizing Interdisciplinary Graduate Education, Virginia Tech, Arlington, VA. , , 2012.
  • Millar MM, Carter ME, Edwards SL, Herget KA, Sweeney C. Web Compared to Paper Survey Response Outcomes among Individuals Diagnosed with Cancer: Assessing the Feasibility of Web Surveys for Obtaining Patient-Reported Outcomes via a Central Cancer Registry. North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR), Pittsburgh, PA. , , 2018.
  • Millar MM, Herget KA, Yoder V, Sweeney C. Sex Differences in Incidence of Melanoma: Utah and the United States. Center for Excellence in Women's Health, Celebrating Women's Health Research in Utah Symposium. University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. , , 2016.
  • Millar MM, Dillman DA. Encouraging Survey Response via Smartphones: Effects on Respondents’ Use of Mobile Devices and Response Rates. American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR) Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL. , , 2012.
  • Millar MM, Dillman DA.Do Mail and Web Produce Different Answers? Mode Differences in Question Responses and Item Nonresponse Rates. American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR) Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ. , , 2011.
  • Millar MM. What Constitutes Interdisciplinary Research? An Examination of How Doctoral Candidates Define and Identify as Interdisciplinary. The Pacific Sociological Association (PSA) Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA. , , 2011.
  • Millar MM, Dillman DA.Improving Response to Web and Mixed- Mode Surveys: The Effects of Sequential vs. Simultaneous Mode Choice, Incentives, and Contact Strategies Using Mail and Email Contacts. The American Association of Public Opinion Research (AAPOR) Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL. , , 2010.
  • Millar MM. Gender and College Major: The Effect of High School Teacher Gender on Students’ Choice of Math-Based Fields. The Society for the Study of Social Problems (SSSP) Annual Meeting, Boston, MA. , , 2008.
  • Millar MM, Edwards SL, Sweeney C. Determinants of Response Outcomes for Studies of Cancer Survivors: Evidence from Ten Years of Projects Initiated from a Statewide Cancer Registry. Poster session presented at Annual Conference of the American Association of Public Opinion Research, New Orleans, LA. Poster, Presented, 2017.
  • Millar MM, Schmuhl P, Page K, Genovesi AL, Ely M, Hemingway C, and Olson LM. Improving Response to the EMS for Children Program Survey: Applying Tailored Design Principles to a Challenging Establishment Survey. Poster session presented at International Conference on Questionnaire Design, Develop, Evaluation, and Testing (QDET2), Miami, FL. Poster, Presented, 2016.


  • English, Fluent.


  • Dillman DA, Hao F, Millar MM (date unknown). Improving Effectiveness of Online Data Collection by Mixing Survey Modes. (pp. 220-237). Sage Publications. Accepted, .
  • Millar MM, Elena JW, Gallicchio L, Edwards SL, Carter ME, Herget KA, Sweeney C (date unknown). The feasibility of web surveys for obtaining patient-reported outcomes from cancer survivors: a randomized experiment comparing survey modes and brochure enclosures. Vol. 19, 208. Accepted, .
  • Malhotra NR, Lee YJ, Millar MM, Cartwright PC, Smith BK (date unknown). Experiences With Quality Improvement in Training: A National Survey of Urology Residents. Vol. 145, 83-89. Accepted, .
  • Smyth JD, Olson K, Millar MM (date unknown). Identifying predictors of survey mode preference. Vol. 48, 135-44. Accepted, .
  • Millar MM, Olson LM, VanBuren JM, Richards R, Pollack MM, Holubkov R, Berg RA, Carcillo JA, McQuillen PS, Meert KL, Mourani PM, Burd RS (date unknown). Incentive delivery timing and follow-up survey completion in a prospective cohort study of injured children: a randomized experiment comparing prepaid and postpaid incentives. Vol. 21, 233. Accepted, .
  • Brown LL, Talker R, Stoddard GJ, Clayton J, Millar MM, Jo Y, Bardsley T, Stipelman CH (date unknown). Breastfeeding Attitudes and Practices in a Rural Utah Navajo Community. Accepted, .
  • Shete S, Deng Y, Shannon J, Faseru B, Middleton D, Iachan R, Bernardo B, Balkrishnan R, Kim SJ, Huang B, Millar MM, Fuemmler B, Jensen JD, Mendoza JA, Hu J, Lazovich D, Robertson L, Demark-Wahnefried W, Paskett ED, Rural Workgroup of the Population Health Assessment in Cancer Center Catchment Areas Initiative. (date unknown). Differences in Breast and Colorectal Cancer Screening Adherence Among Women Residing in Urban and Rural Communities in the United States. Vol. 4, e2128000. Accepted, .
  • Hummel K, Presson AP, Millar MM, Larsen G, Kadish H, Olson LM (date unknown). An Assessment of Clinical and System Drivers of Family Satisfaction in the PICU. Vol. 21, e888-e897. Accepted, .
  • Taylor MA, Allen CM, Presson AP, Millar MM, Zurbuchen R, Matsen CB (date unknown). Exploring Surgeon Variability in Recommendations for Contralateral Prophylactic Mastectomy: What Matters Most?. Vol. 26, 3224-3231. Accepted, .
  • Millar MM, Hewes HA, Genovesi AL, Ely M, Green B, Schmuhl P, Polzin K, Santana CR, Minkler M, Olson LM (date unknown). The Effect of the Familiarity of a Survey Sender on Response Outcomes in a Large-Scale Survey of Emergency Medical Services Agencies. Vol. 44, 260-267. Accepted, .
  • Gallicchio L, Elena JW, Fagan S, Carter M, Hamilton AS, Hastert TA, Hunter LL, Li J, Lynch CF, Milam J, Millar MM, Modjeski D, Paddock LE, Reed AR, Moses LB, Stroup AM, Sweeney C, Trapido EJ, West MM, Wu XC, Helzlsouer KJ (date unknown). Utilizing SEER Cancer Registries for Population-Based Cancer Survivor Epidemiologic Studies: A Feasibility Study. Vol. 29, 1699-1709. Accepted, .
  • Millar MM, Schmuhl P, Page K, Genovesi AL, Ely M, Hemingway C, Olson LM (date unknown). Improving Response to an Establishment Survey through the Use of Web-Push Data Collection Methods. Vol. 25, 168-179. Accepted, .
  • Chow CJ, Millar MM, López AM (date unknown). Gender Discrimination Among Academic Physicians. Vol. 1, 203-211. Accepted, .
  • Stotts AK, Kohring JM, Presson AP, Millar MM, Harrast JJ, Van Heest AE, Zhang C, Saltzman CL (date unknown). Perceptions of the Recommended Resident Experience with Common Orthopaedic Procedures: A Survey of Program Directors and Early Practice Surgeons. Vol. 101, e63. Accepted, .
  • Millar M,Schmuhl P,Page K,Genovesi A,Ely M,Hemingway C,Olson L (date unknown). Improving response to an establishment survey through the use of web-push data collection methods. Vol. 25, 168-179. Accepted, .
  • Millar MM,Dillman DA (date unknown). Improving response to web and mixed-mode surveys. Vol. 75, 249-269. Accepted, .
  • Jacobs AC, Malhotra NR, Purnell SM, Lee YJ, Wolf L, Millar MM, Cartwright PC, Smith BK (date unknown). Quality improvement education in surgical specialty training: A comparison of Vascular Surgery resident and Urology Resident experiences and attitudes. Vol. 221, 993-999. Accepted, .
  • Hummel K, Millar M, Olson L (date unknown). Q-Tip: Using a Structured Quality Improvement Process to Generate High-Quality Family Satisfaction Data. Vol. 35, 282. Accepted, .
  • Millar MM, Kinney AY, Camp NJ, Cannon-Albright LA, Hashibe M, Penson DF, Kirchhoff AC, Neklason DW, Gilsenan AW, Dieck GS, Stroup AM, Edwards SL, Bateman C, Carter ME, Sweeney C (date unknown). Predictors of Response Outcomes for Research Recruitment Through a Central Cancer Registry: Evidence From 17 Recruitment Efforts for Population-Based Studies. Vol. 188, 928-939. Accepted, .
  • Warner EL, Millar MM, Orleans B, Edwards SL, Carter ME, Vaca Lopez PL, Sweeney C, Kirchhoff AC (date unknown). Cancer survivors' financial hardship and their caregivers' employment: results from a statewide survey. Accepted, .
  • Hashibe M, Kirchhoff AC, Kepka D, Kim J, Millar M, Sweeney C, Herget K, Monroe M, Henry NL, Lopez AM, Mooney K (date unknown). Disparities in cancer survival and incidence by metropolitan versus rural residence in Utah. Vol. 7, 1490-1497. Accepted, .
  • Gawron LM, Simonsen S, Millar MM, Lewis-Caporal J, Patel S, Simmons RG (date unknown). Pregnancy Risk Screening and Counseling for Women Veterans: Piloting the One Key Question in the Veterans Healthcare Administration. Vol. 114, 150-155. Accepted, .
  • Gawron AJ, Lawrence P, Millar MM, Dominitz JA, Gupta S, Whooley M, Kaltenbach T (date unknown). A Nationwide Survey and Needs Assessment of Colonoscopy Quality Assurance Programs in the VA. Vol. 35, 26-32. Accepted, .
  • Kozlowski Z,Sanders JN,Panushka K,Myers K,Millar MM,Gawron LM (date unknown). “It’s a Vicious Cycle”: A Mixed Methods Study of the Role of Family Planning in Housing Insecurity for Women. Vol. 33, 104-119. Accepted, .
  • Malhotra NR, Smith JD, Jacobs AC, Johnson CE, Khan US, Ellison HB, Brintz BJ, Millar MM, Cloud WG, Nahmias J, Hendershot KM, Smith BK (date unknown). High value care education in general surgery residency programs: A multi-institutional needs assessment. Vol. 221, 291-297. Accepted, .
  • Kohring JM, Harrast JJ, Stotts AK, Zhang C, Millar MM, Presson AP, Saltzman CL (date unknown). Resident Independence Performing Common Orthopaedic Procedures at the End of Training: Perspective of the Graduated Resident. Vol. 102, e2. Accepted, .
  • Warner EL,Millar MM,Orleans B,Edwards SL,Carter ME,Vaca Lopez PL,Sweeney C,Kirchhoff AC (date unknown). Cancer survivors’ financial hardship and their caregivers’ employment: results from a statewide survey. Accepted, .
  • Purnell SM, Wolf L, Millar MM, Smith BK (date unknown). A National Survey of Integrated Vascular Surgery Residents' Experiences With and Attitudes About Quality Improvement During Residency. Vol. 77, 158-165. Accepted, .
  • Millar MM (date unknown). Interdisciplinary Research and the Early Career: The Effect of Interdisciplinary Dissertation Research on Career Placement and Publication Productivity of Doctoral Graduates in the Sciences. Vol. 42, 1152-64. Accepted, .
  • Millar MM, Dillman DA (date unknown). Encouraging Survey Response via Smartphones: Effects on Respondents’ Use of Mobile Devices and Survey Response Rates. Vol. 5. Accepted, .
  • Millar MM, Dillman DA (date unknown). Do Mail and Internet Surveys Produce Different Item Nonresponse Rates? An Experiment Using Random Mode Assignment. Vol. 5. Accepted, .
  • Millar MM, Dillman DA (date unknown). Improving Response to Web and Mixed-Mode Surveys. Vol. 75, 249-69. Accepted, .
  • Bress AP, Cohen JB, Anstey DE, Conroy MB, Ferdinand KC, Fontil V, Margolis KL, Muntner P, Millar MM, Okuyemi KS, Rakotz MK, Reynolds K, Safford MM, Shimbo D, Stuligross J, Green BB, Mohanty AF (date unknown). Inequities in Hypertension Control in the United States Exposed and Exacerbated by COVID-19 and the Role of Home Blood Pressure and Virtual Health Care During and After the COVID-19 Pandemic. (pp. e020997). Vol. 10. Accepted, .
  • Millar MM, Herget K, Sweeney C (date unknown). Cancer in Utah: Incidence and mortality statistics through 2017. Utah Cancer Registry. Accepted, .
  • Sweeney C, Herget KA, Otto VY, McFadden S, Millar MM (date unknown). Cancer in Utah: An Overview of Incidence and Mortality 2004-2013. Utah Cancer Registry. Accepted, .