JOANNA ELLEN SCHAEFER portrait
  • Adjunct Instructor, Psychiatry
  • Professor, College Of Social Work

Research Keywords

  • wilderness therapy
  • international social work
  • attachment, socioemotional development, observation, interaction
  • Treatment Outcomes
  • Psychotherapy
  • Adult Attachment

Presentations

  • Psychological First Aid. Utah Health Department Annual Meeting, West Valley City, UT. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 03/23/2018.
  • Gass, M., Bettmann, J.E., Tucker, A., Norton, C., Behrens, E., et al. (2017, August). Evidence-based practice for outdoor behavioral healthcare. Preconference presentation at the annual Wilderness Therapy Symposium, Park City, UT. Presentation, Presented, 08/2017.
  • Bettmann Schaefer, J.E. (2017, May). How individuals respond to disasters. Keynote at the Emergency Preparedness Coalition Conference, Salt Lake City, UT. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 05/2017.
  • Gass, M., Russell, K.C., Gillis, H.L., Bettmann, J.E., Tucker, A., Norton, C., Behrens, E., et al. (2016, August). Closing the gap: Creating an evidence base for Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare. Preconference presentation at the annual Wilderness Therapy Symposium, Park, City, UT. Presentation, Presented, 08/2016.
  • Bettmann, J.E., Tucker, A., & Massey, K. (2015, October). Transporting adolescents involuntarily to treatment: Issues and outcomes. Oral presentation at the annual program meeting of the Council on Social Work Education. Denver, Colorado. Presentation, Presented, 10/2015.
  • Massey, K., Hoag, M., Tucker, A., & Bettmann, J.E. (2015, August). Does transporting youth affect outcomes in wilderness therapy. Poster presentation at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association. Toronto, Canada. Poster, Presented, 08/2015.
  • Gass, M., Russell, K.C., Gillis, H.L., Bettmann, J.E., Tucker, A., Norton, C., & Behrens, E. (2015, August). Critical findings in wilderness therapy: Advances in research. Preconference presentation at the annual Wilderness Therapy Symposium, Park, City, UT. Presentation, Presented, 08/2015.
  • Tucker, A., Bettmann, J.E., & Behrens, E. (2015, January). The impact of wilderness therapy on attachment, separation, and mental health functioning in young adults. Oral presentation at the annual conference of the Society for Social Work and Research, New Orleans, LA. Presentation, Presented, 01/2015.
  • Bettmann Schaefer, J.E. (2014, October). Considering attachment in adolescent residential treatment. Critical Issues Facing Children & Adolescents, Salt Lake City, UT. Presentation, Presented, 10/2014.
  • Tucker, A., Bettmann, J., Behrens, E., & DeLuca, M. (2014, October). The impact of wilderness therapy on attachment, separation and mental health functioning in young adults. Oral presentation at the Association of Experiential Education Symposium on Experiential Education Research. Chatanooga, TN. Presentation, Presented, 10/2014.
  • Tucker, A., & Bettmann, J.E. (2014, August). Advances in wilderness therapy research. In M. Hoag & M. Gass (Co-chairs), Outdoor behavioral health care – Advances in research and evaluation. Symposium presented at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association, Washington, DC. Presentation, Presented, 08/2014.
  • Gass, M., Russell, K.C., Gillis, H.L., Bettmann, J.E., Tucker, A., Norton, C., & Behrens, E. (2014, August). Critical findings in wilderness therapy: Advances in research. Preconference presentation at the annual Wilderness Therapy Symposium, Park, City, UT. Presentation, Presented, 08/2014.
  • Gass, M., Russell, K.C., Gillis, H.L., Bettmann, J.E., Tucker, A., Norton, C., & Behrens, E. (2013, September). Critical findings in wilderness therapy: Advances in program outcomes, risk management, accreditation, and cost-benefit analyses. Preconference presentation at the annual Wilderness Therapy Symposium, Boulder, Colorado. Presentation, Presented, 09/2013.
  • Bettmann, J.E., Russell, K.C., Scheinfeld, D., & Gass, M.A. (2012, August). Therapeutic outcomes of wilderness therapy for adolescent and young adult populations. In H.L. Gillis (Chair), Adventure therapy: A research support change agent for groups of adolescents and adults. Symposium presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Orlando, Florida. Panel, Presented, 08/2012.
  • Bettmann, J.E. (2012, May). What do our kids need: Attachment dynamics among adolescents in residential treatment. Annual Conference of Agencies and Organizations Serving Troubled Youth, Snowbird, Utah. Invited Talk/Keynote, Presented, 05/2012.
  • Bettmann, J.E., Tucker, A., & Tracy, J. (2011, November). The role of gender and ethnicity in wilderness therapy programs. Paper presented at the international conference of the Association for Experiential Education, Jacksonville, FL. Presentation, Presented, 11/2011.
  • Gass, M., Gillis, L., Bettmann, J.E, Tucker, A., & Norton, C. (2011, November). Current processes, outcomes, and trends in adventure/wilderness therapy. Presentation at the international conference of the Association for Experiential Education, Jacksonville, FL. Presentation, Presented, 11/2011.
  • Freeman, P.C., Bettmann, J.E., & Penney, D. (2011, April). Somali refugees’ perceptions of mental illness. Poster presentation at the Western Institute of Nursing Conference, Las Vegas, NV. Poster, Presented, 04/2011.
  • Bettmann, J.E. (2011, March). Attachment as a protective factor in adolescent refugees’ experiences of trauma. Paper presented at the European Conference for Social Work Research, Oxford, England. Conference Paper, Accepted, 03/2011.
  • Bettmann, J.E., Olson-Morrison, D., & Wright, R. (2011, January). Attachment as a protective factor in adolescent refugees’ experiences of trauma. Poster presentation at the national conference of the American Psychoanalytic Association, New York, NY. Poster, Presented, 01/2011.
  • Mills, L., Bettmann, J.E., & Hong, N. (2011, January). Collaboration on outcome measures to validate residential treatment. Presentation at the national conference of the National Association for Therapeutic Schools and Programs, Tucson, AZ. Presentation, Presented, 01/2011.
  • Bettmann, J.E. (2009, November). What is the evidence for the effectiveness of wilderness therapy programs? Annual meeting of the International Educational Consultant Association, Charlotte, North Carolina. Presentation, Presented, 11/2009.
  • Tosone, C., Bettmann, J.E., Minami, T., & Jasperson, R.A. (2009, October). Clinicians responding to 9-11: The relationship between attachment, resiliency and compassion fatigue. Coping and Resilience 2009 International Conference, Dubrovnik, Croatia. Conference Paper, Refereed, Presented, 10/2009.
  • Kettle, N., & Bettmann, J.E. (2009, September). The holistic approach to treatment: The role of nutrition. Invited presentation at R. Meltzer (Chair), Wilderness Therapy Symposium, Naropa University, Boulder, CO. Presentation, Presented, 09/2009.
  • Bettmann, J.E., Fernandes, A., & Elizondo, E. (2009, September). Integrating attachment: Relational approaches to meaningful rituals. Invited presentation at R. Meltzer (Chair), Wilderness Therapy Symposium, Naropa University, Boulder, CO. Presentation, Presented, 09/2009.
  • Kettle, N., & Bettmann, J.E. (2009, August). The missing link: The importance of nutrition in addiction treatment. Sowing the Seeds of Recovery, National Association of Addiction Professionals (NAADAC) Annual Conference, Salt Lake City, UT. Presentation, Presented, 08/2009.
  • Bettmann, J.E, Altamirano, R., & Minami, T. (2009, January). The attachment classification of adolescent refugees. Poster presentation at the national conference of the American Psychoanalytic Association, New York, NY. Poster, Presented, 01/2009.
  • Demong, E., & Bettmann, J.E. (2008, September). Treating adolescents with adoption and attachment issues. Invited presentation at R. Meltzer (Chair), Wilderness Therapy Symposium, Naropa University, Boulder, CO. Presentation, Presented, 09/2008.
  • Bettmann, J.E, Jacques, G., & Mmalti, T. (2008, July). How international collaboration supports the development of culturally relevant social work. Paper presented at the annual conference of the International Association of Schools for Social Work, Durban, South Africa. Presentation, Presented, 07/2008.
  • Bettmann, J.E., & Kettle, N. (2008, February). The missing link: The role of nutrition in treatment. Presentation at the annual National Conference of the National Association of Therapeutic Schools and Programs, Savannah, GA. Presentation, Presented, 02/2008.
  • Bettmann, J.E. (2007, November). Intervening to improve attachment with Division of Child and Family Services families. Utah Division of Child and Family Services Supervisors Conference, Park City, UT. Presentation, Presented, 11/2007.

Languages

  • English, fluent.

Geographical Regions of Interest

  • Botswana
    have conducted research in this location and maintain connections with collaborators there.
  • Ghana
    have conducted research in this location and maintain contact with collaborators there.
  • Japan
    have conducted research in this location and maintain connections with collaborators there.

Publications

  • Bettmann, J.E., Scheinfeld, D., Prince, K., Garland, E.L, & Ovrom, K. V. (2018). Changes in psychiatric symptoms and psychological processes among veterans participating in a therapeutic adventure program. Psychological Services. doi: 10.1037/ser0000213. Published, 03/2018.
  • Bettmann, J.E. & Taylor, M.J, Gamarra, E., Wright, R.L, Mai, T. (2017). Resettlement experiences of children who entered the United States as refugees. Social Development Issues. Vol. 39, 1-18. Published, 11/2017.
    http://www.ingentaconnect.com/contentone/icsd/sdi/...
  • Bettmann, J.E.,Tucker, A.,, Behrens, E., & Vanderloo, M. (2017). Changes in older adolescents’ and young adults' attachment, separation, and mental health during wilderness therapy. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 26 (2), 511-522. doi : 10.1007/s10826-016-0577-4. Published, 01/2017.
  • Bettmann, J.E., Wright, R., Olson-Morrison, D., & Jeremiah, R.P. (2016). A qualitative exploration of African adolescent refugees’ attachment relationships. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 47, 501-525. Published, 11/2016.
  • Bettmann, J.E. Gillis, L., Speelman, E.A., Parry, K.J., , & Case, J.M. (2016). A meta-analysis of wilderness therapy program outcomes for private pay clients. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25 (9), 2659-2673. doi: 10.1007/s10826-016-0439-0. Published, 08/2016.
  • Tucker, A., Combs, K.M., Bettmann, J.E., Chang, T., Graham, S., Hoag, M., & Tatum, C. (2016). Longitudinal outcomes for youth transported to wilderness therapy programs. Research on Social Work Practice. doi: 10.1177/1049731516647486. Published, 06/2016.
  • Betttmann, J.E., Mortensen, J.M., Akuoko, K.O., & Tatum. C.A. (2016). Orphanage staff’s perceptions of children’s psycho-social needs. Children & Society. doi: 10.1111/chso.12164. Published, 05/2016.
  • Bettmann, J.E., Clarkson Freeman, P., & Parry, K.J. (2015). Differences between adopted and non-adopted adolescents in wilderness and residential treatment. Journal of Experiential Education. doi: 10.1177/1053825915569056. Published, 07/2015.
  • Bettmann, J.E., Penney, D.S., Clarkson Freeman, P.A., Lecy, N. & Parry, K. (2015). Somali refugees’ perceptions of mental illness. Social Work in Health Care, 54, 738-757. doi: 10.1080/00981389.2015.1046578. Published, 06/2015.
  • Bettmann, J.E., Mortensen, J.M., & Akuoko, K.O. (2015). Orphanage caregivers’ perceptions of children’s emotional needs. Children and Youth Services Review, 49, 71-79. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2015.01.003. Published, 06/2015.
  • Tucker, A., Bettmann, J.E., Norton, C., & Comart, C. (2015). The role of transport use in adolescent wilderness treatment: Its relationship to readiness to change and outcomes. Child & Youth Care Forum, 44 (5), 671-686. doi: 10.1007/s10566-015-9301-6. Published, 02/2015.
  • Bettmann, J.E., Tucker, A.R., Tracy. J., & Parry, K.J. (2014). An exploration of gender, client history and functioning in wilderness therapy participants. Residential Treatment for Children and Youth, 31 (3), 155-17031. doi: 10.1080/0886571X.2014.943554. Published, 08/2014.
  • Lundahl, B.W., Bettmann, J.E., Hurtado, M., & Goldsmith, D. (2014). Different histories, different stories: Using a narrative tool to assess children’s internal worlds. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 31 (2), 143-161. doi: 10.1007/s10560-013-0312-6. Published, 02/2014.
  • Norton, C., Tucker, A., Russell, K., Bettmann, J.E., Gass, M., Gillis, H.L., & Behrens, E. (2014). Adventure therapy with youth: A state of knowledge paper. Journal of Experiential Education 37 (1), 46-59. doi: 10.1177/1053825913518895. Published, 01/2014.
  • Clarkson Freeman, P.A., Penney, D.S., Bettmann, J.E., & Lecy, N. (2013). The intersection of health beliefs and spirituality among Somali refugees: A qualitative study. Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Social Work, 32 (1), 1-13. Published, 06/2013.
  • Bettmann, J.E., Kilgore, S.A., Jeremiah, R.P., & Parry, K.J. (2013). The struggle for female education in Kenya: A qualitative study in the Samburu region. Social Development Issues, 35 (1), 64-86.. Published, 02/2013.
  • Castillo, J., Sarver, C.M., Bettmann, J.E., Mortensen, J., & Akuoko, K.O. (2012). Orphanage caregivers’ perceptions: The impact of organizational factors on the provision of services to orphans in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. Journal of Children and Poverty, 18 (2), 141-160. doi: 10.1080/10796126.2012.710484. Published, 10/2012.
  • Bettmann, J.E., & Prospero, M. (2014). A social partnership between Ghanaian and United States academic institutions. International Social Work. doi: 10.1177/0020872812452174. Published, 10/2012.
  • Bettmann, J.E., Jacques, G., & Frost, C. (2012). International social work practice: Case studies from a global context. London: Routledge. Published, 09/2012.
  • Bettmann, J.E., Russell, K.C., & Parry, K.J. (2012). How substance abuse recovery skills, readiness to change and symptom reduction impact change processes in wilderness therapy participants. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 22 (8), 1039-1050. doi: 10.1007/s10826-012-9665-2. Published, 06/2012.
  • Bettmann, J.E., & Friedman, D.D. (2012). Attachment-based clinical work with children and adolescents. New York: Springer. Published, 05/2012.
  • Bettmann, J.E., Olson-Morrison, D., & Wright, R. (2011). Attachment as a protective factor in adolescent refugees’ experiences of trauma. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 59 (3), 571 - 576. doi: 10.1177/0003065111414054. Published, 08/2011.
  • Bettmann, J.E., & Tucker, A. (2011). Shifts in attachment relationships: A study of adolescents in wilderness treatment. Child & Youth Care Forum, 40 (6), 499-519.. doi: 10.1007/s10566-011-9146-6. Published, 07/2011.
  • Bettmann, J.E., Lundahl, B.W., Wright, R.A., Jasperson, R.A., & McRoberts, C. (2011). Who are they? A descriptive study of adolescents in wilderness and residential programs. Residential Treatment for Children and Youth, 28 (3), 198-210.. Published, 06/2011.
  • Bettmann, J.E, Olson-Morrison, D., & Jasperson, R.A. (2011). Adolescents in wilderness treatment: A qualitative study of attachment relationships. Journal of Experiential Education, 34 (2), 176-194. Published, 06/2011.
  • Bettmann, J.E., Penney, D., & Clarkson Freeman, P.A. (2011). Somali refugees’ perceptions of mental illness. Communicating Nursing Research, 44, 416. Published, 02/2011.
  • Tosone, C., Bettmann, J.E., Minami, T., & Jasperson, R.A. (2010). New York City social workers after 9-11: Their attachment, resiliency and compassion fatigue. International Journal of Emergency Mental Health, 12 (2), 103-116. Published, 11/2010.
  • Bettmann, J.E., & Jasperson, R.A. (2010). Social work’s contribution to attachment research. Invited chapter in S. Bennett & J.K. Nelson (Eds.), Adult Attachment in Clinical Social Work Practice. Springer Publishing. Published, 07/2010.
  • Bettmann, J.E., & Jasperson, R.A. (2010). Anxiety in adolescence: The integration of attachment and neurobiological research into practice. Clinical Social Work Journal, 38 (1), 98-106. doi: 10.1007/s10615-009-0235-z. Published, 06/2010.
  • Bettmann, J.E., & Friedman, D.D. (2010). Preface to the special issue on child and adolescent attachment. Clinical Social Work Journal, 38 (1), 1-3. doi: 10.1007/s10615-009-0255-8. Published, 04/2010.
  • Bettmann, J.E., & Jasperson, R.A. (2009). Adolescents in residential and inpatient treatment: A review of the outcome literature. Child and Youth Care Forum, 38 (4), 161-183. Published, 10/2009.
  • Minami, T., Davies, D. R., Tierney, S. C., Bettmann, J. E., McAward, S., Averill, L. A., Huebner, L.A., Weitzman, L. M., Benbrook, A.R., Serlin, R.C., & Wampold, B.E. (2009). Preliminary evidence on the effectiveness of psychological treatments delivered at a university counseling center. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 56 (2), 309-320. Published, 08/2009.
  • Bettmann, J.E., Thompson, K., Padykula, N., & Berzoff, J. (2009). Innovations in doctoral education: Distance education methodology applied. Journal of Teaching in Social Work, 29 (3), 291-312. Published, 08/2009.
  • Bettmann, J.E., Osei-Hwedie, K., Mmatli, T., Jacques, G., Jasperson, R.A., Rankopo, M.J., & Maundeni, T. (2009). “Building Jerusalem…”: Cultural relevance of social work education and practice in Botswana. Social Development Issues, 31 (1), 86-101. Published, 06/2009.
  • Bettmann, J.E., & Jasperson, R.A. (2008). Adults in wilderness treatment: A unique application of attachment theory and research. Clinical Social Work Journal, 36 (1), 51-61. Published, 10/2008.
  • Bettmann, J.E, Demong, E., & Jasperson, R.A. (2008). Treating adolescents with attachment and adoption issues in wilderness therapy settings. Journal of Therapeutic Schools and Programs, 8 (1), 117-138. Published, 08/2008.
  • Bettmann, J.E. (2008). Book review: Attachment and dynamic practice, Jerrold R. Brandell and Shoshana Ringel. Clinical Social Work Journal, 36 (1), 121-122. Published, 08/2008.
  • Bettmann, J.E., & Lundahl, B.W. (2007). Tell me a story: A review of narrative assessments for preschoolers. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 24 (5), 455-475. Published, 10/2007.
  • Bettmann, J.E. (2007). Changes in adolescent attachment relationships as a response to wilderness treatment. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 55 (1), 259-265. Published, 06/2007.
  • Faddis, T.J., & Bettmann, J.E. (2006). Reflecting team and other innovative family therapy techniques, adapted for outdoor behavioral mental health settings. Journal of Therapeutic Schools and Programs, 1 (1), 57-69. Published, 12/2006.
  • Bettmann, J.E. (2006). Using attachment theory to understand the treatment of depression in adulthood. Clinical Social Work Journal, 34 (4), 531-542. Published, 10/2006.
  • Bettmann, J.E. (2006). Auspicious experience in social work: The development of one psychodynamic practitioner. Smith College Studies in Social Work, 76 (4), 21-33. Published, 08/2006.
  • Bettmann, J.E. (2005). Book review: Gender as soft assembly, Adrienne Harris. Clinical Social Work Journal, 33 (4), 489-492. Published, 06/2005.
  • Bettmann, J.E. (2004). Book review: Evolution, Gender and Rape, Cheryl Brown Travis, Editor. Psychiatric Services, 55 (3), 324-5. Published, 03/2004.